Candidiasis is the colonization of yeast fungi in areas of the body in such quantity and in such a way that damage or symptoms occur. Usually the yeast invades only the body cavities and the lining of these cavities, but in severe cases it can grow into deeper tissue layers.
Yeasts very often infect the vagina and external female genitalia. It also often occurs in the mouth and is later called garbage. Male genitalia can be infected, but generally with fewer symptoms. There may also be an infectious yeast overgrowth in the digestive tract, skin areas, and nose. Young children are often affected in the diaper area, and this is commonly called diaper rash. Diaper rash can also be caused by irritation of urine or feces, a food allergy, an allergy to washing media, or a combination of several factors.
Sometimes these microorganisms attack several areas of the body at the same time, such a systemic infection is often called candidiatis. A systemic yeast infection can develop into a serious condition in which the yeast invades the deeper layers of the skin, the deeper tissues of various organs, and even the bloodstream.
The systemic variant generally occurs in patients with poor immune defense, such as patients with HIV, diabetics, or patients weakened by synthetic or steroid medication.
CAUSES OF DISEASE
Generally, the species of the genus Candida, and especially the species Candida albicans, are the infectious agents. These yeasts are normally found in the body, but the amount is retained by normal body chemistry due to friendly bacteria that inhabit the skin and body cavities, for example lactic acid-producing bacteria (the genus Lactobacillus). When yeast becomes infectious, it often changes from a round cellular shape to a threadlike or branched shape that can grow in tissues.
An altered bacterial flora on the skin and body cavities can make it easier for yeast to overgrow and infect. The skin, external genitalia, and body cavities such as the mouth, vagina, and colon contain the types of bacteria Bifidobacteria and Lactobacteria, and these bacteria control the growth of yeast.
Using antibiotics can kill these beneficial bacteria and facilitate yeast growth. Overuse of antibiotics in children can cause chronic yeast overgrowth in the body that will negatively affect health into adulthood.
The use of corticosteroids can also make a person susceptible to attack. Asthma patients using inhaled choricosteroids are often affected in the oral cavity.
Too demanding hygiene, using bacteria killers, can kill friendly bacteria and cause a yeast attack. However, lack of washing can also cause yeast infections.
If areas of the skin are constantly kept damp or sweaty, Candida infections can easily occur, for example, in the areas of young children wearing diapers or on feet covered in tight-fitting shoes during long walks.
A diet with too much sugar and other carbohydrates can nourish yeast and lead to infectious yeast growth.
Mental and physical stress can decrease the effect of the immune defense against yeast and make a person more susceptible to attack.
SYMPTOMS IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE BODY
Yeast infection of the female genitalia causes itching or burning sensation in the vagina and labia, red rashes on the external female genitalia, and a foul-smelling whitish discharge. Discharge may also be the only symptom.
Attack on the male genitalia often results in itchy sores around the base of the head of the penis. There may also be present an off-white liquid substance with an odor that is different in consistency from the white smegma normally produced by glands in the same area. There may be red, scaly rashes on the external genitalia and especially on the lower part of the penis.
In the mouth, yeast infection produces sores covered with a whitish coating that cause itching or burning pain. This is called garbage. There may also be white or yellow layers on the tongue with no ulcers underneath or other symptoms. Cracks are often seen at the corner of the mouth.
The attack on areas of the skin will give symptoms such as rashes, itching, sore areas that ooze fluid, and blisters. The symptom will be seen most often in areas such as the bottom of the shoulders, the inside of the elbow, the folds of the skin, the pelvic region, and other areas that are somewhat hidden.
Candidiasis in the digestive tract can cause symptoms throughout the digestive tract, from the esophagus to the anus. Symptoms that may occur include swallowing problems and pain, breast pain, bloating, cramps, excessive gas production, diarrhea, itching and sores at the rectal opening, and lactose intolerance.
An overgrowth of yeast in the digestive tract or a generalized attack produces substances that can poison the whole body and give symptoms also in parts of the body that are not directly infected, such as: rashes, hives and itchy skin, allergic reactions in many cases. parts of the body, fatigue or lethargy, muscle weakness, bone pain, and nervous symptoms.
Candidiasis is often diagnosed by taking a sample from the affected area. The sample is then grown to investigate the microbial flora. Bacterial infections often give the same symptoms, especially in the vaginal area, and the sample will also help decide the cause of the symptoms.
Candidiasis is usually treated locally in the infected area with anti-leak substances such as clotrimazole (canesten), nystatin, fluconazole, ketoconazole, tioconazole (GyneCure), terconazole (Terazole), monazole, miconazole (Monistat, mycoconazole), butoconazole (Femstatat). and gentian violet.
For vaginal infection, tablets, creams, or suppositories that contain one or more of these substances are usually inserted into the vagina. Men who have genital yeast infections or the sexual partners of infected women can be treated with a local cream based on the same substances.
Some of the drugs, such as fluconazole, are also used orally as a systemic drug.
For more severe cases, amphotericin B, caspofungin, or voriconazole are often used.
In case of localized infection, for example in the vagina, pharmacological products usually eliminate the infection very effectively.
However, these products do not eliminate susceptibility to new infections and may be less effective when the infection spreads more diffusely.
Lifestyle measures and natural supplements can be helpful in reducing susceptibility to yeast infection and helping heal when standard treatment does not meet this goal.
– Garlic helps kill yeast and can be used as an oral remedy for yeast infection.
– Rinsing with a boric acid solution can help kill yeast and rinse body cavities. Suppositories that contain boric acid can also be used to kill yeast in the vagina or anus.
– Diluted tea tree oil can help with vaginal yeast infection by using it locally.
– The fatty acid caprylic acid can kill yeast, and a supplement of this acid can help against yeast infections.
– Propolis is an antibacterial substance made by bees. An oral supplement or local application of a propolis solution has been shown to be helpful against yeast infection.
– Cranberry juice helps against bacterial infections in the urinary tract and can also help kill yeast by making the urine more acidic.
– Lactoferrin is a protein that can bind to iron and keep it away from pathogenic bacteria and yeasts, and this will alter the growth of these organisms. Protein is found naturally in milk and in secrets in many parts of the body. It is part of the natural defense against microbes.
– Products that contain seeds for friendly bacteria (Lactobacteria and Bifidobacteria) can help to restore a normal bacterial flora and be useful against candidiasis. Friendly bacteria hinder the growth of pathogenic microorganisms. These seeds are often called probiotics. There are probiotic products for both oral and local use.
-Yoghourt contains seeds for friendly bacteria. Consuming yogurt can help normalize the microbial flora in the digestive tract and in the genital area. Yogurt can also be used as a local remedy, for example in the vagina.
LIFESTYLE MEASURES FOR PREVENTION AND CURE
Many lifestyle measures can be used to prevent a yeast outbreak and help cure chronic yeast infection.
– Avoid excessive consumption of carbohydrates and avoid consuming carbohydrates that are absorbed or used quickly, such as pure sugar, refined floor and bread made with refined floor. Instead, use whole carbohydrate-containing corn, bean and pea products that are used gradually.
– The entire body should be washed or bathed daily, including the genital area, with mild soap or plain water.
– Antibacterial agents should not be used when washing the skin, genitals, rectal opening or using oral hygiene. For an intimate wash, pure water is best.
– Antibiotic cures or unnecessary steroid medications should be avoided.
– Stressful elements and habits of daily life should be avoided. Meditation is a good way to get stressed.
– Clothing and shoes should provide ventilation so that moisture does not accumulate on skin surfaces or in skin folds. Moist areas of the skin should be washed and dried regularly when moisture cannot be avoided.